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Pedigree Time Machine: Princequillo

With the Jockey Club Gold Cup (gr. I) coming up this Saturday, let's take a look back at Princequillo, winner of the 1943 Jockey Club Gold Cup (then contested at 2 miles). He became the sire of Horses of the Year Hill Prince, Dedicate, and Round Table; champion Misty Morn; and influential sire Prince John. Princequillo was leading broodmare sire eight times, and his daughters are responsible for half brothers Secretariat and Sir Gaylord; half brothers Key to the Mint and Fort Marcy; full brothers Bold Lad and Successor; Sham; High Echelon; Mill Reef; Kris S.; and many more.

Edited from The Blood-Horse, August 28 & October 9, 1943:

"*Princequillo, foaled in Ireland, began racing in the United States as a $1,500 plater, continued in the claiming ranks through most of last season, though going up in price. He was imported by his Irish breeder, L. L. (Laudy) Lawrence, was raced first by Anthony Pelleteri, and was claimed for $2,500 by his present owners. He has started 25 times, won 10 races, finished second four times, third five times, and has earned $72,565.

"Cosquilla, winner seven races in France including Prix de Chantilly. Her stud record in France, if any, is not available, and *Princequillo is her only foal by available records.

"Prince Rose will be a somewhat unfamiliar name even to those readers acquainted with English pedigrees. The stallion was foaled in England, bred by the late Earl of Durham, but at his dispersal in 1928 Prince Rose was bought, as a weanling, for 260 guineas by L. Niguet and was taken to Belgium. There he was an outstanding performer, winning four of seven races at two, all of seven starts in Belgium at three, though he was third in the Prix de l’Arc de Triomphe at Longchamps. As a 4-year-old he was undefeated in five starts, climaxing and ending his career in France in the Prix du President de la Republique, under 133 pounds. He was retired to stud at the Haras de la Bruyere, at Mons, Belgium, where he was considered so valuable that it was reported he had been “nationalized” by the government—that is, he could not be sold or taken out of Belgium. In 1938 he was removed to France, however, standing at the Haras de Cheffreville. He was leading sire in Belgium that year, where he had sired the Belgian Derby winner Joli Ange and the Belgian Guineas winner Chevalier a la Rose, and in the same year his daughter Terre Rose won the Deauville Grand Prix and other races in France, while a son, Pappageno, won the Manchester November Handicap in England under record weight for a 3-year-old in the event."

Retired for the 1945 breeding season, Princequillo eventually stood at Claiborne Farm. The ad above appeared in The Blood-Horse dated March 24, 1956, and reads:

"*Princequillo was the fifth leading money winning sire of 1955 on the General Sire List, was the fourth leading sire on the 2-year-old sire list. He sired an outstanding group of stakes performers. Among his 2-year-old winners was the Garden State Stakes winner Prince John; his 3-year-olds included the prominent colt Dedicate, the champion filly Misty Morn (also named champion Handicap mare); his older horses included the excellent 4-year-old handicapper Prince Hill, and the two-time steeplechase stakes winner Prince Regent. This is just a continuation of an exceptional record–a record which consists of 15 percent stakes winners from winners.

"BUT THAT IS NOT ALL– *Princequillo has demonstrated time and time again that he can sire crack 2-year-olds, horses that mature into leading 3-year-olds, and outstanding older horses. Here is a true classic-type horse. From his earlier crops have come Hill Prince, leading 2-, 3-, and 4-year-old of his crop–named Horse of the Year at 3–and as a Claiborne sire, Hill Prince was among America's leading sires of 2-year-olds with his first crop to race in 1955; Prince Simon, the leading 3-year-old of his year in England; and the crack stakes mares How and Riverina. *Princequillo has sired 17 stakes winners in his first seven crops, plus Prince John at 2, 1955."

Today, three TrueNicks stallions carry Princequillo within three generations (all sons of Kris S.)– Action This Day (TrueNicks,SRO), Arch (TrueNicks,SRO), and Rock Hard Ten (TrueNicks,SRO).

TrueNicks stallions with Princequillo inbreeding within five generations include:

A.P. Indy (TrueNicks,SRO) Istan (TrueNicks,SRO)
Aptitude (TrueNicks,SRO) Olmodavor (TrueNicks,SRO)
Bernstein (TrueNicks,SRO) Pleasant Tap (TrueNicks,SRO)
Double Honor (TrueNicks,SRO) Pulpit (TrueNicks,SRO)
Elusive Quality (TrueNicks,SRO) Saint Anddan (TrueNicks,SRO)
Formal Gold (TrueNicks,SRO) Slew City Slew (TrueNicks,SRO)
Grand Slam (TrueNicks,SRO) Tale of the Cat (TrueNicks,SRO)
Indy Wind (TrueNicks,SRO) With Distinction (TrueNicks,SRO)

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